HOW A BACKHOE WORKS

HOW A BACKHOE WORKS

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Dig a big hole with a backhoe

If you’ve ever had the need to dig a small hole in the ground, a shovel or spade will serve to do so. But if you’ve ever needed to dig a really big hole in the ground, you might want to consider something a bit more efficient as a backhoe.

Design and controls

A backhoe, also known as mechanic shovel, is a piece of equipment mainly used to dig into the floor and remove large amounts of dirt, gravel or sand. The backhoe consists of an arm along with an appendix at the end and a square-shaped blade, known as “bucket.” The backhoe is designed much like a human arm, three joints with something to grab in the end. The upper arm is known as “pen”, while the forearm is referred to “stick”. The backhoe is regularly attached to a tractor in the rear, with a complementary tool known as “shipper” in the front. Tractors specially designed for this machine also have stabilizing legs. Some people refer to all the assembly as “backhoe”, although the backhoe itself is only a third of the entire machine. A backhoe works through the tractor driver. When the driver of the tractor assembly moves into place, park your vehicle and turn your seat forward. The operator can choose to display the leveling feet if the tractor is not on solid ground or the surface that will operate the backhoe is especially hard. Once fully in place, the operator must manipulate two lever controls, one to move the pen and the other to stick the bucket to work the hydraulic backhoe on the floor.

Rather than digging

Although backhoes are designed to excavate mainly in residential areas because of their compact size, they can also perform other functions. A company as Caterpillar has backhoes that, when bound with chains, can lift heavy objects. A drill attachment allows the backhoe to dig circular holes, while an electric hammer makes it able to break concrete and asphalt. Replacing the pan with attachment clamps allows the driver to lift things like fallen trees.